The development of navigation is reflected in the shipfinds,
worldwide and Nordic.
Nordic & Russian
- Waterways and Shipbuilding in north-western Russia in the Middle
Ages, P Sorokin
- The Vikings were shift workers,
- The Viking – The Oarsman, Bertil
- The Maritime Cultural Landscape, Christer Westerdahl
- Traditional Zones of Transport Geography in Relation to Vessel
Types, C Westerdahl
- Amphibian Transport Systems in northwestern Europe, C
- On the Significance of Portages, Christer
- The relationship between land roads and sea
routes in the past, Christer Westerdahl
- Society and Sail, Christer Westerdahl
- The Cog, Medieval Shiptype, Per ┼kesson
- King Valdemar's Sailing Route, Per ┼kesson
- The Plague and the Northeast, Christer Westerdahl
- Maritime cosmology and archaeology,
- The Holmgard Expedition, Rune
Edberg. Sailing from the Baltic to the Black Sea.
- The Vikings in Vinland, Athena Review
Perhaps the world's oldest case of documented navigation is the legend of
Noah, the Deluge and the Ark. The origin of this story goes back beyond the
Bible. It is told in the Gilgamesh Epic and you can read an
article on Wikipedia.
Unsolved riddle: Latvia's main river the Daugava leads towards the Dnepr River, Kiev and the Black
Sea. This was an old shipping route for Vikings and others. Along the Daugava there are hill forts
spaced at about a daytrip's distance. Why? The underwater parts of these hill forts have never been
Related documents may be found under History of Shipbuilding or
Viking and Nautical links. There is plenty of more info on the
web about ancient and medieval seafaring, from the Argonauts and the Odyssey to the Hanseatic league.
Use a search engine with those keywords and you will find.
page by Per ┼kesson, rev