General problems

If you don't find what you search for on this site, try a search engine.


Welcome to the world of languages! This site is multi-lingual, and so is academic research. Good research is impossible without language skills. In humanities, English only leads halfway – in the archives even less.

Students of e.g. Spanish shipping or Roman wrecks need to understand e.g. Spanish or at least one Romance language, else they risk ending up quoting and re-quoting the limited literature that exists in English. Thus, reports on this site are mostly in original language, whit only a brief English summary.

For a rough translation, try the Prompt, Systran, Altavista, Google or Free Translation translation services. Translation is also integrated in the Opera 6 web browser.

Opening external links in a new window

Some users prefer external links to open in the same window, some do not. New windows popping up can really be a nuisance. If you want external links to open in a new window, hold down Shift (on a PC) while you click on a link. On request I can make all external links to open up in a new window, to distinguish them from this site's own pages.

Navigator button

On the left site of each window is a “floating” button To Main Page which takes you directly back to the start page. Is this button irritating? Try this or this or this alternative version! Then please tell me which one you prefer.

Texts in Russian & Greek

This site is mostly in Latin alphabet languages, like English, Swedish, German and French, but some text and several external links are in Russian and Greek. Modern web browsers (e.g. Mozilla, Netscape 4, Microsoft Internet Explorer 4, Opera 6 and later) display Cyrillic or Greek text automatically, as well as Unicode text. If you don't see it, try first to switch your code page manually (in Netscape: View | Character set, in MSIE: View | Code). If you use Opera, Unicode is supported from version 6. If you still see garbage characters, you can do this on a PC:

If you have Windows 95 or 98 you can install "multi language support" and Cyrillic in the Windows setup. After that, or directly, if you have Windows NT 4/2000/XP, just go to Keyboards in the Control panel, and add Cyrillic.

For older Windows versions, e.g. Windows 3, you can also try this:

  1. Get a Cyrillic font that follows code page 1251. Such fonts can be collected for free at various places.
  2. Set your web browser for that font. If you have Netscape 3, go to Options | General Preferences, and let the style "Cyrillic" correspond to your Cyrillic font. In Netscape 4, this should never be needed.
  3. Set your web browser to Cyrillic text mode. If you have Netscape, go to Options | Document encoding.

You can find more info here: Paul's Cyrillic page.

Browser problems

This site should work with almost all browsers, even at low bandwidth. I test with various browsers on various systems, including Unix, Linux, Mac, OS/2 and BeOS. To get the best results you need a relatively modern browser that can render interpret CSS style sheets. If you are using good old Mosaic, please use the most recent version. If you are using OS/2 I suggest using Opera or Netscape for OS/2. These pages are developed primarily with the aid of Opera, which has the good habit of strictly following HTML and CSS standards.

Is it hard to print these pages?

Is it confusing that some links are external and others are internal?

Are text lines too long? On a large hi-rez monitor, text lines may get uncomfortably long. In that case, don't use the web browser in full screen mode. Instead, please reduce your browser window to a narrower part of the screen. Don't let text columns get too wide! Compare with books and magazines.

I try to avoid heavy graphics, frames and Java. But I can't guarantee that all external links are working. If a link seems to be dead, try again later. If it's still dead then, please let me know.

If you use Mac, sometimes an image may cover the text. Then you should expand the document window to full-screen. You can also choose to turn off the image loading. In Netscape 4, it's under Edit | Preferences | Advanced.

Normally it's enough for your web browser if you enter or
But if you have trouble typing the tilde character  ~  , exchange it for %7E
Or, type the simplified alias 

Handheld PDAs

Would you like to get this site in you PDA? No problem! Most of the extensive text and image info (but not PDF or video) from this site can easily be subscribed to your handheld computer. This may be useful during recreational diving or archaeological fieldwork. There are various ways of storing web pages off-line on a PDA. I recommend a big resolution device, e.g. 320x320 pixel size. Here are three solutions:

ISilo with iSiloX

Read more.


Google for more info on Plucker.

Per Åkesson 1996-2010

Thanks to the Marine Information Agency, Russia, for this nice logo.

To Main Page Back to main menu