Wrecks in South America
The list is sorted by the time of sinking
- Orangie Boom. Dutch cargo ship lost at Cape Horn in 1643, never located. Many more ships
would follow her to the bottom, attempting to round Cape Horn, long before the Panama Canal was
built. Ref: Fundación Albenga
- Utrecht. Dutch VOC ship
sunk off Brazil in 1648. Located in 1981 on 15-19 m depth.
Capitana. Spanish treasure ship sunk off Ecuador in 1654. Located on 11 m depth in 1997 and
salvaged by treasure hunters. At least 3000 silver coins have been recovered.
- Santíssimo Sacramento. Portuguese 60 gun galleon sunk off Brazil in 1668. Discovered on 31-33
m depth. Investigated from 1976. Two astrolabes and several cannon were recovered. Ref IJNA
8.3 1979 and British Museum Encyclopaedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology.
- Hermonie. Spanish ship lost at Cape Horn in March 1741, not located. Ref: Fundación
- HMS Swift. British warship
sunk in 1770 at the mouth of the Deseado River, Argentina. The hull is largely intact in the brackish
water. Documented in 1991 by the Albenga Foundation. Ref British Museum Encyclopaedia of
Underwater and Maritime Archaeology.
- HMS Agamemnon.
Built in 1777 according to
the plans by architect Sir Tomas Slade. The third of seven ships, whose last survivor is the Victory.
Carried 64 cannons and was ranked as a third line ship. Took part in 11 battles between 1781 and
1807, among these the Trafalgar battle. Commanded by Admiral Horatio Nelson. Last mission in 1808 in
the South Atlantic, based in Rio de Janeiro. In 1809 the ship was damaged and sank north of Gorriti
Island in Maldonado Bay, Uruguay. Investigated since 1997. Many artefacts have been recorded, the
most important are an iron cannon and a seal with an "N" (Nelson).
- Salvador. Spanish troop transport ship sunk in 1812 in
Maldonado Bay, Uruguay. Investigated since 1997.
The tall ship Agrandar
was washed ashore by a storm at the chilly coast of Patagonia, near Río Gallegos. The hull is well
preserved, with the exception of several holes made by fighter planes many years ago, trying to improve
their shooting skills. Photo by Javier García Cano.