Amphora Types According to Dressel
This table for dating amphoras is taken from Heinrich Dressel: Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, band XV, Berlin 1899. The table mainly covers Roman types.
It was made in a time when relatively few amphoras were known and could be dated. Today, many more have been found underwater. Despite this shortcoming, the table is still useful and serves as a basis for later improved classifications, e.g. by Nino Lamboglia and Ricardo Pascual.
|Form 1: 129 BC-13 BC
Form 2: 16 BC-29 AD
Form 3: 28 AD-146 AD
Form 4: 4 BC-24 AD
|Form 5: 12 BC (one known find)
Form 6: 36 AD (one known find)
Form 8: 1st century AD
Forms 1-6 are Roman wine amphoras.
|Forms 7-15 are south Spanish salt fish amphoras, except for # 12 which is Roman.|
|Form 20: 2nd and 3rd centrury AD south Spanish oil amphora|
|Form 26 and 27: 3rd century and later|
|All other forms are later and were not classified by Dressel.|
M Sciallano, P Sibella: Amphores – comment les identifier? (Edisud) Lattara 6, (Lattes 1993)
images from Heinrich Dressel, text by Per Åkesson, April 1999
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