|The first anchors were probably made of stone. The disk-shaped stones had at least one hole in
the middle, to attach the line, and the stone anchors probably could serve as ballast as well. Stone
anchors have been used in parts of the world until historical times. In Roman times, in the
Mediterranean, ship anchors were made of either lead and wood, or entirely of iron.
After Antiquity, European anchors are mostly made of iron, often with a wooden stock. From the 19th century, the stock was made of iron instead of wood. Also, the anchor rope was replaced by the anchor chain.
Text in Swedish
Per ┼kesson, November 1999
Nemi ship anchors courtesy Dianae Lacus. Oseberg anchor image from The Viking Ships by A W Br°gger & H Shetelig (Oslo 1951, 1971). Page rev jul '12
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