About Allah (swt)
Notes edited by Omar K N

A note of caution!

Al-Junayd - like the Sunni Imams of his generation - hated theological disputes about Allah and His Attributes. He used to say:
"The least [peril] that lies within kalâm is the elimination of the awe of Allah from the heart. And when the heart is left devoid of the awe of Allah, it becomes devoid of faith." FIS247

Imam Shafi`i's advice is as follows:
"Take proofs from creation about the Creator,
and do not burden yourself with the knowledge of what your mind did not reach." FIS222

(A) Where

Our doctrine is that Allah (swt) is pre-eternal and pre-existent (qâdim azalî). He does not resemble anything nor does anything resemble Him. He has no direction nor place. He is not subject to time nor duration. Neither "where" (ayn) nor at (hayth) applies to Him. He shall be seen, but not as a part of face-to-face encounter, nor in the sense of a face-to-face encounter (yurâ lâ `an muqâbala wa-lâ `alâ muqâbala).
Sh. Ibn Jahbal al-Kilâbî; RIT164

He is now as He ever was.

They asked Yahyâ ibn Mu`âdh al-Râzî (radiAllahu `anhu):
- Tell us about Allah Almighty.
He replied: "He is One God." The questioner asked:
- What is He like (kaifa hû)? He replied:
"The Owner Who is Mighty." The questioner asked:
- Where is He? He said:
{ [Truly! Your Lord is] in the lookout* } (Sura 89:14). The questioner said:
- I was not asking you about that. Al-Râzî replied:
"All else is an attribute of the created. As for His own attribute [of where-about], I was not informed about it."(* also translated as "ambush".)

Imam Abu Hanifa wrote in his al-Fiqh al-Absat:
"If someone says, 'Where is Allah?' The answer for him is that Allah existed when there was no 'where,' no creation, nothing! And He is the Creator of everything."
RIT168, fn273

Abû `Uthmân said to me* one day:
"Muhammad! If someone asked you:
Where is the One you worship, what would you answer?
I said: 'I would answer:
- He is where He never ceased to be.'
He said: 'What if he asked: Where was He in pre-eternity?'
I said: 'I would answer:
- Where He is now.'"
That is: He was when there was no place, and He is now as He ever was.
Abû `Uthmân was pleased with my answer. He took off his shirt and he gave it to me. (*Muhammad ibn Mahbûb, Abû `Uthmân al-Maghribî's servant)

"Take proofs from creation about the Creator,
and do not burden yourself with the knowledge of what your mind did not reach."
This was Imam Shafi`i's advice FIS222

(B) What ...

When Pharao asked Musa: { And what is the Lord of the worlds? } (Quran, Sura 26:23), Musa (only) mentioned the most specific of Attributes, namely the power of Allah to invent and create and said:
{ Lord of the Heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if you had but sure faith. } (Quran, Sura 26:24)

(C) With ...

Allah said: { ... and He is with you wheresoever you may be. And Allah is seer of what you do. } (Quran, Sura 57:4) The literal meaning of this discourse indicates that the stipulation of this "being-with" and its requirement is that He is aware of you and knows about you. Hence, the meaning of the Salaf's statement: He is with them in His knowledge." And that is both the letter of the text and its real sense (zâhir al-khitâb wa-haqîqatuhu).


RIT: The Refutation of him who attributes direction to Allah
Author(s): Qadi Ibn Jahbal; Dr Gibril Haddad; Shaykh Sulayman Wahbi al-Ghawji al-Albani;
link: http://www.aqsapublications.com



•  L I N K S:

•  Notes On Religion
•  About Allah (swt)
•  Al-Shafi`i On Legal Knowledge
•  Al-Shafi`i On Religion

•  TEXTS REG. A L L A H (swt):

•  About Allah (swt) [the above text]
•  Allah's Names GFH
•  Is Belief In God Enough? Omar K N
•  What or Who Is God? Murat Yagan
•  On Wahdat-ul Wujûd
•  The Term Oneness of Being Means The Necessary Existence Of Allah, U. Sahl
•  The Self-Disclosure of God Ibn `Arabi
•  How God Brought The Cosmos Into Existence Disclosing Himself Ibn `Arabi
•  On The New Creation Ibn `Arabi
•  A Question To Pose




latest update: 2014-06-22
From: 2009-08-13

* living Islam – Islamic Tradition *