While Zad Al-Mustaqni` is sufficient for most
issues, it really falls short in a few places. One of
those areas where is fall short is the area of filth.
Those of you who have the sections on `ibadat from the very quick and dirty
English rendering of Zad Al-Mustaqni` can compare its
coverage on filth with the following section from
Seven washings are a condition for
removing anything filthy. When the affected area has
been made filthy by dog or pig, then it is a condition
that one of the washings be
with ritually pure dirt, soap, or the like.
It is necessary that the taste of the
filth be removed; but it is not necessary that its
color or scent remain, or that the color and the scent
remain when unable to remove them both.
When removing urine of a
male child who has not eaten food out of his own
desire, it is sufficient to liberally sprinkle the
When purifying rocks or the
ground that has been affected by liquid filth, it is
sufficient to liberally soak it in water until the
color and scent of the filth leaves-even when the filth
is from a dog or a pig.
Ground does not become pure
from the sun, winds, or by drying.
Filth does not become pure
by being burned.
Wine becomes pure if it
becomes vinegar on its own.
If the actual location of
the filth is unknown, then one washes until certain
that filth has been washed.
Liquid intoxicants; hashish;
and birds and animals that are bigger than a cat and
are not eaten-are all filth.
Anything smaller than a cat
(like snakes and mice) and non-liquid intoxicants-are
Dead bodies are filth,
except for slaughtered animals, humans, fish, locusts,
and things that do not themselves have flowing blood
(like scorpions, lice, and fleas).
If an animal that is [legal]
to eat and the majority of its feed is not filth, then
its urine, dung, vomit, pre-ejaculatory fluid, sperm,
and milk are all pure. If it is not eaten, then [they
are all] filth, except that the sperm and milk of a
human being are pure.
Puss and blood are filthy, however in prayer a small
amount that would not nullify ritual purity is
forgivable-provided the blood is from an animal that is
pure while alive-even if it is menstrual or post-partum
blood. Small amounts of filth that are scattered over a
single garment are considered as if they are combined
together [when determining whether or not that amount
of blood would invalidate the particular individual's
state of purity; see previous posts on the subject of
purification]; and each garment is taken into
consideration on its own.
Mud on a street that is
assumed to be filthy, and the sweat and saliva of pure
animals-are all pure.
If a cat or another pure
animal or a child eat filth
and then drink, it does not effect the purity of the
The remains of what a pure
animals drinks or eats are
[Taken from Dalil Al-Talib, with
some of the commentary from Nail Al-Ma'arib included in the