Replicas in the World
Prehistory and Antiquity
- Skin boat. Fragmentary finds in Husum, Germany, from 9th millennium BC may have been
parts of the frame of an early skin boat. Following this theory, a reconstructed skin boat has
been made, now (1999) on display at the Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum, Bremerhaven. Ref. article by
Detlev Ellmers in The Earliest Ships (Conway Maritime Press 1996)
logboats. Three logboats in pine based on finds from c 7000
BC, manufactured in France by GRAS in 1998, 1999, and 2000, with
prehistoric tools. Measurements: 6.3x0.5m, 7.24x0.5m, 8.42x0.68m,
weights between 200 and 350 kg. The manufacturing is very well explained
on the GRAS page, step-by-step. The log was hollowed-out
using fire, flint adzes, wooden wedges and hammers. As a final step the inside was burned, to carbonise
and stabilise the surfaces.
- Monoxylon I
& II. These two Czech logboats were built and successfully
navigated in 1995 and 1998 in the Mediterranean.
- Punt Ship. Ca 1500 BC Queen Hatshepsut in Egypt ordered 5
ships to be built for trading with the land of Punt. Based on
contemporary stone relief images, Cheryl Ward initiated a full-scale
reconstruction to be built in 2008. The ship is 20 m long.
- Argo. Reconstruction of Greek Bronze Age penteconter warship,
built in 1998.
Open-decked, ca 16 m long, 20 oars and one square sail. She was sailed by
Tim Severin, following the route of the ancient Argo, by Jason and his
Trireme Olympias, ca 400 BC, Greece. Built in 1987. Volunteer rowers to this 37 m long reconstruction
are needed every summer. The trireme was the quickest ship in antiquity. It was a hi-tech racer
that could exceed 10 knots, chase and sink an enemy with its ram.
The hull was a compact special construction of light wood, e g pinetree. During the battle of
Salamis in 480 BC the Greeks had 380 ships and defeated the Persian navy of 600 ships. About
half of the Greek navy may have been triremes. Photo © JS Illsley, University of Wales.
Ram photo by J.S. Illsley. Ref Les
dossiers d'archéologie, Editions Faton, juin 1993.
- Kyrenia II. Based on the Kyrenia ship from ca 306 BC. Constructed in 1985 by professor
Richard Steffy. Ref National Geographic, June 1970, Nov 1974 and IJNA 3.1 1976,
7.1 1980, 16.1 1989. Photo.
- Roman warship in Mainz, Germany. The original
was found in 1981-85 in the city's old harbour, dated to late 3rd and 4th centuries AD. This 20
m long full-scale reconstruction was made and is exhibited in the Museum für Antike Schiffahrt
(Museum of Ancient Shipping). Photo courtesy the museum.
logboat. Logboat in oak based on Medieval find in France. Made
in 1994 by GRAS, measurement: 6.6x0.77x0.55m. The weight with soaked
wood is ca 1200 kg, thus this is a much cruder and heavier
construction than the slender thin-walled Mesolithic logboats
(described above). The manufacturing is very well explained on the
GRAS page, step-by-step. The log was hollowed-out using and shaped
using steel axes, adzes, wedges, hammers and saws.
- Kieler Hansekogge, Kiel. Based on the medieval Bremer cog,
ca 1380 AD. Built in 1989. Stationed in Kiel, Germany. Model
photo by J. S. Illsley.
- De Kamper Kogge,
15th century, Netherlands
- Lisa von Lübeck.
Reconstructed 15th century 3-masted cravel merchant ship, Germany.
- Niña, Pinta and Santa Maria.
Reconstructions of Columbus' ships from 1492. Built in Spain during 1975-90. Sailed across the
Atlantic in 1991. Now displayed in Corpus Christi, Texas. Photo
- Matthew of Bristol. Reconstruction of John Cabot's ship that arrived to North America in 1497.
- Golden Hind. Free
interpretation of Sir Francis Drake's ship.
- Duyfken, Dutch ship from 1606, built in Australia
Constant. The original was a 120 ton ship that sailed from
London to America, founding the Jameston colony. A first replica was
made in 1956. A second replica was made in 1989. Ref Spectre &
Larkin: Wooden Ship (Houghton Miflin 1991).
- Half Moon,
Dutch 1609, built in 1989.
- Mayflower 2. This 17th century replica sailed to America in 1958.
- VOC ship Batavia, 1628, Holland. The replica was built in Lelystad
- St Nikolai. Russian 17th century Lodya built in 1991.
- Slavia. Russian traditional Lodya.
English two-mast ketch from 1650. Winnipeg, Canada.
- Standart, Russia. A beautiful replica of Peter
the Great's frigate from 1703 was finished in St Petersburg in 1999. I took this photo a few
weeks before the ship was launched. (sometimes bad connection to the website)
Contact Vladimir Martous.
- VOC ship Amsterdam, 18th century,
Holland. Replica built in 1990.
- Het Utrecht Statenjacht, 1746,
launched in 2003.
- HMS Rose,
frigate from 1757, England. Replica built in 1970. The ship featured in the
beautiful movie Master and Commander, made in 2003.
- Endeavour, c 1760, Australia. Replica of Captain Cook's ship, built in 1991.
- HMS Bounty, c 1787, England
- Elena Maria Barbara, Russia. 2 mast schooner ca 1800
- US Brig Niagara, 1813, USA
- Stad Amsterdam, Dutch clipper ship,
launched in 2000
Nordic replicas are on a separate page. Other replicas may be found
in shipindex.org. There are also many
original vintage sailing ships, which are not covered here, but may be found at other maritime
or using a search engine. The items and
links on this page are a selection not claiming to be representative or